Evolution of National Innovation System: India [ with special focus to IT sector ]

 

INDUSTRY

UNIVERSITIES

GOVERNMENT

18th

 

 

 

89 Asiatic Society

 

 

19th

 

47 Thomason Civil Eng.

College [the first eng. school]

57 Colleges est. at Calcutta,

Bombay, Madras

 

51 Telegram/53 Railway

53 Indian Civil Service

57 Sepoy Mutiny

1900 -

1930

07 Tata Iron & Steel Co.

11 IISc, Bangalore

17 First doctoral course

24 S.N.Bose, Light Quanta

30 C.V.Raman awarded Nobel Prize

 

 

 

 

WW II

40 Hindustan Aeronautics

 

 

1945 -

1950s

 

 

 

49 IIT, Kanpur and others

 

 

48 Atomic Energy Commission

50 Independence

54 DAE est.

56 APSARA the first reactor

57 AEET at Trombay

1960s

61 First IBM1401 imported.

 

 

 

65 CSI: Computer Society of

India est.

61 TIFRAC/62 ISRO est.

66 Elec. Committee Report

67 ECIL est./70 DoE est.

1970s

[small licensed production]

73 FERA restricted FDI

78 Exit of IBM from India

[move to open-source SW]

 

 

 

 

72 Automation comm report [4]

[created negative perception of computers as "job-destroyers"]

74 1st Nuclear Test

75 1st Satellite, Aryabhata

77-79 PM Morarji Desai

1980s

80 NASSCOM est.

87 Indian Railways' reservation system changed the perception

of computers in the public

[export-oriented SW industry] 

 

 

86 ERNET (DoE, UNDP)

[brought Internet to India]

 

80 SLV launched >>MTCR

83 IGMDP

84-89 PM Rajiv Gandhi 

88 CDAC est.

1990s

 

91 New Industry Policy

94 “off-sourcing” (Datamation)

[boost of SW training industry]

xx Joined to ITA

 

 

 

98 IIIT, Hyderabad

99 IIIT, Bangalore

91 PARAM supercomputer

91 SW Technology Parks India

94 PSLV rocket launced

 

98 2nd Nuclear Test

2000s

 

00 US issued 61,000 H1B visa to Indians, followed by PRC

[12,000], Philippines [4,000].

 

 

 

 

00 Japanese PM Mori’s official

visit to India: METI announced

“Asia Common Skill Standard

Initiative”

[REFERENCE]

[1] V. Rajaraman, Information Technology in India - A retrospective (1965-1999), CSI Communications Vol.23, No.7, pp.9-14, Jan 2000.

[2] Jawaharlal Nehru, Letters from a Father to his Daughter, Children’s Book Trust, 1973

[3] Jawaharlal Nehru, The Glimpses of World History, Oxford University Press, 1934-35

[4] Report of the Committee on Automation, Ministry of Labour and Rehabilitation, 1972.

[5] Nuclear Testing: 1945-1999, ppt slide animation

[6] SEARCC Report on the Regional ICT Manpower and Skills Survey 1999-2000